15th March - Ides of March
Caesar: Who is it in the crowd that calls on me? I hear a tongue shriller than all the music cry: "Caesar!" Speak, Caesar is turned to hear.
Soothsayer: Beware the Ides of March.
Caesar: What man is that?
Brutus: A soothsayer bids you beware the Ides of March.
Julius Caesar by Shakespeare - Act 1, scene 2.
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Written by Anne Newman Thursday, 14 March 2019.
“Beware the Ides of March” has gained notoriety mainly thanks to the line from Shakespeare’s play Julius Caesar where he ignores the warnings of a prophet and ends up being murdered, in 44 BC.
The Ides of March still has an ominous tone to it, here are some of the reasons why:
- Czar Nicholas II abdicates his throne, 1917
On this day in 1917 Tzar Nicholas II of Russia signed his abdication papers and in doing so ended a 304-year-old royal dynasty and ushered in Bolshevik rule.
- Germany Occupies Czechoslovakia, 1939
On this day in 1939 Nazi troops seize the provinces of Bohemia and Moravia, effectively wiping Czechoslovakia off the map.
- 1952 the World’s heaviest rainfall
Rain falls on the Indian Ocean island of La Réunion— and keeps falling, hard enough to register the world’s most voluminous 24 hour rainfall: 73.62 inches.
But what is the Ides ofMarch?
The Romans calculated the days of the month by counting back from three fixed points of the month:
- the Nones (5th or 7th, depending on the length of the month),
- the Ides (13th or15th),
- and the Kalends (1st of the following month).
The Ides occurred near the midpoint, on the 13th for most months, but on the 15th for March, May, July, and October.
The Ides of each month were sacred to the god Jupiter.
The Ides of March was also the Feast of Anne Perena, a goddess of the year (Latin annus), whose festival originally concluded the ceremonies of the New Year. The day was celebrated by the people with picnics, drinking and parties.
Ides were also days of settling debts.
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Anne is sharing a series of events throughout the year - you can find them listed by clicking to the link Other Notable Dates and Festivals.